As the journey of quality is the journey of continual improvement, that’s why the author has tried his level best to make the study as prolific as possible. The study is a quality step in the curriculum engineering because quality textbooks play a dynamic role in the holistic development of the young capital. The historical analysis shows that nations sustain their ideologies through curriculum up-gradation, synchronization, synthesis and innovation. Quality Assurance in Textbook Development is based on TQM approach in textbook development. The study is focused on the process of applying tools for quality assurance in developing textbook for primary level. In light of comparative study, analysis and benchmarking of the curricula and review of textbooks of different countries, attempt has been made to guide the process of textbook development through flow charts, fish bone diagrams, gap analysis and spider charts. The study also helps in need analysis, planning, development and evaluation of quality textbook development. Furthermore, the study provides some guiding principles which can be employed purposefully for quality textbook development at any level.
The book examined policies and practices of quality assurance in higher education in Ghana and New Zealand in order to identify those practices in New Zealand which are potentially applicable to the Ghanaian Higher Education context or which, at least, may suggest a direction for the Ghanaian government to consider for development, critically examined quality assurance literature. Detailed evaluation of national tertiary education policies (policy objectives) of the two countries,formal discussion of the functions and mandates of the external quality assurance agencies for higher institutions,assessed the methodologies employed by the higher institutions and the external quality assurance agencies for the improvement of quality in higher education.
Cost of Software Quality (CoSQ) is a pressing concern for most project managers. It is estimated that around 40% of the software budget is spent unwisely on quality improvement and testing activities. In industry, the investment in quality improvement activities is distributed evenly on the software artifacts without taken into consideration the risk and significance issues associated with them. This book presents a quality economic model for software development projects. The model optimizes the investment assigned to quality assurance activities by analyzing the relationship between the time and cost spent on a quality assurance technique and the gain in software quality. This book is useful for project managers and quality assurance practitioners who want to make informative decisions on their quality assurance plans. It is also helpful to students and researchers to understand the trade-off mechanism between cost, time and quality constraints during software development process.
This book provides a blueprint and roadmap for institutionalization of Quality Assurance systems in a short, medium and long term in diagnostic imaging departments in Ghana in particular and developing countries in general. The content is aimed at promoting a quality diagnostic imaging service delivery, reinforce professionalism in imaging staff and protect patients against unnecessary radiation and its associated risk. The suggestions in this book consist of practical information for diagnostic imaging departments in Ghana and a plan for how the development of Quality assurance should be advanced. This blue print could be replicated in any service delivery organisation.
Quality Assurance in Primary Health Care: An Indian Experience is an attempt by the authors to capture the transitions in the concept of quality of health care, the changing paradigms of quality - from Quality Assessment to Total Quality Management to Quality Assurance, and the role it has played in changing the outlook towards health systems around the world. Many key concepts of Quality Assurance such as Medical Audit and Quality Improvement cycle also find an appropriate place in the text. Finally, the authors showcase the improvements achieved in the primary health care system after implementation of a Quality Assurance Plan under a rural set up in the Indian state of Maharashtra with modest indicators of health service utilization, and propose how such a plan can be replicated in other developing nations.
The quality of software is one of the most critical concerns in software development. As quality assessment of a software product is harder than that of other industrial products, many fail to meet the quality objectives when completed. The software quality is highly affected by the development process’ actual dynamics. This thesis proposes a simulation model based on the Markov Decision Process (MDP) for quality assessment of software products since MDP is a useful technique to abstact the model of the development process dynamics and to test their impact on quality. It aims to show how the simulation techniques can be used to assess software quality at the early stages of project development. The proposed approach is based on the stochastic nature of the software development process, including project architecture, team assignment and Software Quality Assurance (SQA) system construction strategy, and qualification actions selected in the SQA system. The simulation model accepts these factors as inputs, and generates a relative quality degree as its output. The results prove its robustness and capability in identifying appropriate policies in terms of quality, cost and time.
Higher learning institutions play a significant role in the development endeavour of every nation. In achieving its roles and functions, quality has to be the leading priority to be addressed. Today, there is general agreement on the need for accountability in the higher education sector and for establishing policies and processes to ensure quality. Hence, developing quality assurance system to the enhancement of quality is precondition to address the demands of ever competitive situation. One aspects of achieving the goal of quality assurance is to carry out institutional quality assessment. Institutional self-assessment is designed to examine internal quality assurance systems as well as their operation. As part of the quality assurance process quality audit is being implemented in Ethiopian HEIs with specific aims of improving the quality of educational experience for students and identify an action that will lead to an improvement in quality. Quality audit begins by internal quality assessment, followed by external audit. The purpose of this book is, thus, to look into the practice, challenges and prospects of internal quality assessment at Arba Minch University.
Motivation plays a vital role in quality assurance in the educational system. Motivational strategies like staff training and development, promotion, salary increment and other remuneration rewards, improved working conditions, status and participatory decision-making; contribute greatly towards achieving quality assurance in the educational system. This booklet examines the relationship between work behavior and motivation. In a nutshell, the work examines how motivation in work environment, specifically in school, modifies job behavior. This work is meant as a quick reader to help school heads and management to address issues that influence quality assurance in the educational system. The booklet highlights the challenges that negatively influence teacher motivation and makes recommendations on how to overcome them.
Chinese higher education has been through a process of profound restructuring, decentralisation, introduction of market incentives, university mergers, internationalisation, and enlarging student enrolment in the past two decades. Along with the expansion of Chinese higher education, the issue of quality has become a concern. Developing quality assurance systems has been given priority in the agenda of most Chinese higher education institutions. The study presented in this book is conducted against the background of the prevailing quality culture, and focuses on student learning rather than the widely adopted top-down scrutiny of teaching as the main component of quality assurance schemes. A learning-focused quality assurance is proposed in this book to explore how to integrate student learning generically into the quality assurance process for the continuous improvement of higher education quality.
Higher education in most countries is considered by development, resource scarcity, responsibility to more participants and the growing complexity of knowledge. In line with trends in the developed world, Pakistan have taken steps to establish similar national quality assurance systems in order to ensure international credibility of the programs offered in local public and private universities, thus making their higher education systems competitive on the global market. In view of the attendant quality assurance challenges, concerns and efforts being made by institutions, it is worthwhile interrogating the discourse of quality assurance, especially as it relates to the specific context of Pakistani universities. This study is an attempt to engage with this type of discourse by focusing on quality assurance policies and practices in selected universities in Pakistan which have impact on satisfaction of faculty and learners. The data analyzed to examines the relationships between faculty satisfaction with learner’s satisfaction. This relationship directs towards the new horizon where new methods have been establish to minimize the satisfaction gap between faculty and students.
Since the education universe is full of disparities; suitable Theories and Models have to be selected for each environment. For this knowledge of various Theories and Models of education management is essential. In the present context Participative management with a mix of Collegial model enmeshed with Formal model for education management has been tested. For quality development Barnett’s (1992)Total Quality Care Model for Total Quality Management fitted into modified NBA criteria for quality assurance in conditions of Deming’s 14 points have been practiced with Deming’s Quality Cycle for the Higher Technical Education Institutions in remote rural areas in India. The results were amazing; a multi-pronged progress on all parameters was established when compared with neighbouring institutions. Study describes an impressive success story in the field of quality development in education management among disparities
Today, web is not only an information resource but also it is becoming an automated tool in various applications. Due to the increasing popularity of WWW, one can be very cautious in designing the website. Poor and careless web design leads to hardship to public utility and does not serve the purpose. If the website is not designed properly, the user may face many difficulties in using the website. Despite of many recommendations, ideas and guidelines, designing a quality website is still a burning problem. The quality assurance techniques for web applications generally focus on the prevention of web failure or the reduction of chances for such failures. Due to the unceasing growth of web sites and applications, developers and evaluators have interesting challenges not only from the development but also from the quality assurance point of view.
Until the year 2000, there were only two universities in Ethiopia. Realizing the role that higher education can play in the economic growth of the country, the current government gave due emphasis to its development. Expansion of public higher educational institutions and encouraging private providers to invest in the sector are among the major reforms made in the system. Though there is an increase in the gross enrollment due to various reforms made in the higher education system of the country, improving the quality remains a challenge. Unless this expansion is supported by sound quality assurance mechanism, it is quite difficult to achieve the intended outcome. Many scholars believe that maintaining and enhancing the quality of higher education is largely on the hands of the institutions themselves. Because of this reason the scholars highly encourage higher educational institutions to establish strong internal quality assurance mechanism within their own institutions so that they can regularly assess and ensure the quality of their own provision. This book discloses the state of internal quality assurance in one of the public universities in Ethiopia, Adama University.
Medicinal plants are important in health and economic component of the floras in developed as well as developing countries. Increasing world-wide interest in herbal remedies, expanding reliance of local health care on traditional remedies, and a renewed interest in the development of pharmaceuticals from plant source have greatly increased trade in medicinal plant materials.The book is an inventory of the quality assurance of the selected Sudanese medicinal plants. It contains an introduction to medicinal plants importance as therapeutic source, economic value of phytomedicine, and medicinal plants local trade structure in Sudan. The book reveals the definition of quality assurance of the herbal medicinal plants products, and the quality standards of herbal products. It includes the material, methods and equipments used in the work. Both consumers and health-care professionals need up-to-date authoritative information on the safety and efficacy of medicinal plants. Academics and Pharmaceutical Companies have to devote themselves to research in medicinal plants quality assurance.