Groundnut (Peanut),an important energy rich unpredictable legume, since its response to nutrient application is always not optimistic. This crop is cultivated all over the World, mainly for vegetable oil production.It has been found that low yields in groundnut is mainly due to inadequate and imbalanced use of nutrients.High prices of chemical fertilizers as well as environmental hazards along with other detrimental effects of continuous application of inorganic fertilizers at higher doses, led to combination of organic and inorganic nutrient sources which helps to maintain high productivity both in crop and soil.Timing of fertilizers application is also of equal importance to enhance the efficiency of applied fertilizers and organic manures. In this research, efforts have been made to find out judicious combinations of organic and inorganic fertilizers and best management practices for sustainable production of short duration high yielding groundnut, which can be economically feasible too. This book can be quite useful for students, teachers, researchers, farmers and for other people related with groundnut production system.
Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) also known as peanut and earthnut, is an important oilseed crop largely grown by resource poor smallholder farmers under rainfed conditions. These farmers employ different tillage practices in the production of the crop. Many farmers perform tillage operations without being aware of the effect of these operations on soil physical properties and crop responses. It is carried out mainly to loosen the upper layer of soil, to mix the soil with fertilizer and organic residues, to control weeds, and to create a suitable seedbed for germination and plant growth. The theme of nutrient management in integrated way for increasing the soil fertility is gaining ground throughout the world in recent years due to high cost of fertilizer and reduced availability of organic manures. Modern tillage and integrated nutrient management practices may affect soil fertility and productivity of groundnut due to different soil conditions created and fulfills the nutrient requirement of crop. The book contains the information on the effect of tillage and integrated nutrient management practices on soil fertility and productivity of groundnut under rainfed conditions.
The present investigations were undertaken to explore the possibilities of developing an effective management strategy for root/stem rot of groundnut. Mycelial growth of this fungus was observed on 30 ?C temperature and pH 6.0. Fungicide folicur 250 EW, neem leaf extract and Trichoderma harzianum were found most effective against the S. rolfsii in vitro however folicur was best under field conditions.These interesting results observed on management aspects could be further explored to find out an integrated disease management package for Sclerotium rot of groundnut.
About 88 per cent of groundnut area in India is sown in the kharif season and is rainfed. Water is the most vital resource in crop production especially in arid and semi arid regions. Rain water conservation is a critical factor in stabilizing and stepping up of rainfed groundnut production. A tillage practice like subsoiling and land configuration like broad bed and furrow improve infiltration of rain water and thus helps to improve moisture storage in soil profile for plants growth than the traditional method of flat bed. Besides, soil conservation practices, sulphur nutrition for oilseed crops in general and for groundnut crop in particular is one of the important pre-requisites for enhancing productivity and quality of groundnut. Sulphur as a plant nutrient is becoming increasingly important in dryland agriculture as it is the master nutrient of all oilseed crops and pulses and is rightly being called the “Forth Major Nutrient”. One of the reasons for low productivity of groundnut in drylands are low soil moisture and fertility, which can be increased by tillage management practices and proper nutrient management particularly sulphur.
The best plant growth of onion resulted from poultry manure with bio-fertilizer. The bio-fertilizer resulted an increase in the parameters of onion plant as compared to without bio-fertilizer treatment. The poorest plant growth observed from farmer practices without bio-fertilizer treatment. It was found that combined application of organic manure and chemical fertilizer along with bio-fertilizer improved soil fertility, soil physical and chemical properties and increased crop yields that resulted in sustained and successful crop production. Therefore, it is suggested to make a fertilizer/ manure management strategy which ensures sufficient nutrient supply for high and stable productivity of onion.
A review of the recently published information on the nutritional aspects of oil seed crops in relation to their yield and quality reveals a substantial scope for increasing their production in the country. National self-sufficiency of edible oil would be enhanced if the productivity of the oil seed crops on marginal soils under rain fed conditions is increased through adoption of improved management technology and improved germ-plasm. This warrants intensive research efforts in these areas. Applying mineral fertilizers in balanced amounts and in an integrated manner by combining with bulky organic manures and crop residues can ensure sustainable production at higher productivity and higher quality level of the oil seed crops. For optimum utilization of other essential inputs, fertilizer requirements need to be fine-tuned, especially in oil seed-based cropping systems and intercropping systems. Besides making best use of the applied nutrients, such management practices can substantially benefit the major cereal crops from the fixed-N, if the accompanying oil seed crop happens to be a leguminous like soybean or groundnut.
The book Studies on integrated nutrient management in celosia has been written to provide readily available information on nutrient management for flower crops. The text which outs together into its fold the latest technologies on the fertilizer uses of crops will, therefore, cater to the needs of all those who are directly or indirectly concerned with farmers such as student and teachers of Agricultural and Horticultural Universities, researchers, extension workers, educated and progressive farmers.
Greater one-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is now found exclusively in Nepal and North Eastern India. Being one of the endangered species of the world, it is necessary to develop the proper strategy for its conservation focussing on various aspects of management. Among them, strategy related to food management is pivotal. This study helps to identify the fodder species most preferred by Rhinoceros during monsoon season along with their nutritional composition ( T.Ash, OM, CP, NDF, ADF, ADl, HC, Cellulose, Calcium, EE and Energy. The result of this study is important for management and conservation of this wonderful but extincting creature of this world as more cautionary action can be taken to flourish the food species having more nutrient content in their habitat.
An experiment was conducted at the Agronomy Field Laboratory, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh during the period from June to November 2013 to study the effect of frequency of weeding and integrated nutrient management on the growth and yield of transplant Aman rice (cv. BRRI dhan49). The experiment consisted of five weeding regimes viz. control (no weeding), one weeding at 15 DAT, two weedings at 15 and 30 DAT, three weedings at 15, 30 and 45 DAT and application of herbicide (Manage 10 WP) and five nutrient management viz. BRRI recommended chemical fertilizers, cowdung at 10 t ha-1, poultry manure at 5 t ha-1, 50% BRRI recommended chemical fertilizers + cowdung at 5 t ha-1 and 50% BRRI recommended chemical fertilizers + poultry manure at 2.5 t ha-1. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. We found that the morpho-physiological characteristics, yield contributing characters and yield of transplant Aman rice were significantly influenced by weeding regime and integrated nutrient management.
India is one of the four major players in the global oilseeds/vegetable oils scenario of the world, being one of the important oilseed grower, producer, importer, and exporter. India has the largest area in rapeseed-mustard in the world but the productivity in India is just 50-60% of the world average. To meet the challenges of oilseed production in the post WTO regime, there is a need to adopt standard crop management practices. The top priority has been given to increase the productivity per unit area of land to meet the demand of the growing population for which crop production research has been reoriented as Integrated Nutrient Supply and Management System Research in an environmentally sound and sustainable way. This book integrates current knowledge in nutrient management, crop physiology, soil science, agricultural economics and other relevant disciplines. This book will be of significant interest to advanced undergraduate and post-graduate students of Agronomy, plant physiology and crop science, Agricultural economics and rural development as well as NGO workers and policy makers, farmers and advisors and others interested in Agriculture.
Groundnut, Arachis hypogaea L., is an important legume plant originated in the Southern Bolivia/North-west Argentina region in South America and is presently cultivated in 108 countries of the world. Production is constrained due to insect pests both in field and storage. More than 350 species of insects infest the crop in different parts of the world. Among the pests, Caryedon serratus (Oliver) is one of the major and important storage insect species causing around 20 per cent damage to groundnut and prevalent in Asia, Greece, France, Italy and the north and west coasts of Africa. The beetle damage not only reduces the weight and nutrient value but also adversely affects the quality of seed and oil. Infestation causes loss in dry mass of the kernels, increased levels of free fatty acids in the oil (thereby lowering the quality) and reduction in germination potential. The heat and moisture generated by large insect population within heaps or stacks of groundnut may also increase the risk of mould growth. Hence the investigations were carried out to study its biology and management on groundnut pods in storage.
The present book enlarged edition covers the research work on integrated nutrient management in gladiolus work carried out under shevaroy condition. Ms.N.Mageswari, obtained her B.Sc (Agri), M.Sc.(Hort.)in Floriculture & landscape gardening degrees in the year 2010, 2012 respectively from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore with distinct academic records. She has served as Senior Research Fellow in the scheme entitled, "A value chain on mango and guava for domestic and export market" at Horticultural College & Research Institute for Women, Trichy
To Study The Effect Of Different Nutrient Combination And Sources On Mungbean (Vigna Radiata L. Wilczek) In Sandy Loam Soil At Crop Research Centre Of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University Of Agriculture And Technology, Meerut (U.P.), During Kharif Season Of 2012. To Study The Effect Of Nutrient Management Practices And Their Sources On Growth, Yield Attributes And Yield Of Mungbean .To Investigate The Effect Of Vermicompost In Association With Chemical Fertilizer On Mungbean. To Study The Economic Gain And Nutrient Uptake By Different Combinations Of Nutrients Sources.
System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is considered as a novel and improved practice to raise rice production constrained by several factors. The book presents a comprehensive review on SRI. The performance of cultivars in relation to methods of planting (SRI and conventional transplanting) and the effect of FYM when used alone or in integrated manner on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of rice is presented.
A field experiment was conducted during rabi 2007-08 to 2008-09 at the instructional farm of Cooch Behar Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal in India to study the growth and productivity of yellow sarson (Brassica rapa var. glauca) under different nutrient management practices and pre-sowing seed soaking levels. In this book, efforts have been made to develop a comprehensive package of integrated nutrient management along with the use of agro-chemicals for soaking of seeds before sowing for yellow sarson in terai region i.e in the sub-Himalayan plains of West Bengal, India.