This is one of the early studies that have examined sexual behaviors of circumcised men following Safe Male Circumcision (SMC). The study undertook an epidemiological analysis of the perception of risk to HIV among circumcised men and behavioral outcomes related to information given to them during Safe Male Circumcision. Finally, the study identified barriers to safer sex and risk reduction behaviour to HIV following SMC.
This book provides an insight into the infamous traditional female circumcision among the Keiyo of Kenya. Using purposive qualitative and quantitative data collected from women, men, civil servants and custodians of the Keiyo culture, the author argues that the practice could only stop if there was an alternative rite of passage. Consequently, Dr. Susan developed the concept called "Tumndo Ne Leel" (initiation without circumcision) which has since been positively received and adopted by the entire Kalenjin community as a replacement of female circumcision. The book is a very relevant resource for readers of Anthropology, Culture and Women Studies.
In Africa, and Kenya in particular, there is lack of knowledge about religious uses and gratifications of radio. Royal Media Services (RMS) is a private media organization, which houses Mulembe FM (MFM) among others as a vernacular radio station for about five years now targeting Luhya speaking people in Western Kenya. It is important to know the use of MFM Christian programming by Luhya speaking people in Vihiga district of Western Kenya in enhancing spiritual or religious development.
This groundbreaking book unravels the complex symbolic meanings of female (and male) circumcision rituals in Africa with a special focus on matriarchy, or women's power and agency. The author lucidly describes the complex links between Mandinka history, oral traditions and social structures as well as local beliefs about dual-sex power. Current global views about Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) presume ideologies of female subordination and sexual oppression that do not tally with the beliefs, practices or lived experiences of most women who uphold female circumcision. This in-depth case study by an African-American female anthropologist who is a both an insider and outsider sheds much needed light on how this controversial practice is associated with women's traditional power or matriarchy among Mande speaking peoples in Sub-Sahara Africa.
Сборник лучших композиций британского музыканта Томми Стила на двух компакт-дисках.Томми Стил — британский певец и музыкант, считается первой в истории британской звездой рок-н-ролла и идолом британских подростков. Кавалер ордена Британской империи.
This book discusses the effects of male labour migration on the rural women of Central Nyanza, Kenya, during the colonial era. The effect of male labour migration has persisted til modern day Central Nyanza and therefore it is important to establish its origins and also record its effects particularly on women who continue to form the bulk of the population in rural parts of Kenya. This situation applies to most parts of Kenya and therefore such a study can be replicated. The book is recommended to scholars at all levels of study in History, and particularly African History, as well as those interested in the socio-economic study of African women. The work is also of interest to various state development organs and non-governmental organizations.
This book explains the impact of education as an agent of change among the Turkana people of Kenya. The author argues that education influences the social, cultural, economical and political patterns of a given community. Using qualitative and quantitative analysis, Dr. Lokapel discusses the socio-economic and political development of the Turkana. He observes that underdevelopment among the Turkana is largely as a result of lack of knowledge on self-development. He therefore suggests that the solution to this problem is to establish an institution of higher learning in Turkana County which will handle research matters relating to the growth and development of the Turkana people. This book is recommended to all Social Science scholars and anybody interested in development studies.
The book, Female Circumcision in Lagos State, Nigeria was written with the aim of using it as a counseling material that can be used to educate people on the harmful effects of female circumcision, the consequences and the effects on women. The book targeted students in Universities, Colleges of Education and the Polytechnics. It is going to be of use to healthcare providers and those who are interested in knowing more about female circumcision. The five-chapter book was well written with clear suggestions on how to eradicate female circumcision in this twenty first century. The book is a product of a comprehensive research carried out on female circumcision in Nigeria. It also reviewed the practice of female circumcision under different ethnic, traditional, cultural and religious practices with a view to joining the global campaign for its eradication from Nigeria. Female circumcision is a gratuitous act and a fundamental violation of the rights of girls and women. Counselors, tertiary institution lecturers, parents, policy makers in the health sector and interested readers in the society will benefit from using this book.
The emergent of micro insurance which is affordable in the Kenyan market is going to play a major role to the economy growth in line with vision 2030. Affordability was among the major causes of low insurance penetration among the middle and low income earners in Kenya, today there are affordable covers which are priced in a manner that makes them affordable to the vast majority of the Kenyans uninsured population but despite this fact, penetration still remain very low. The major role of the author study was aimed at promoting consumption of micro insurance as a way of providing social and economic justice in developing countries which are characterized by poverty, diseases and hunger. Various challenges were looked into as the cause of the low insurance penetration which included Distribution problems, Professional sales staff training, and Government policies on micro insurance.
The global emphasis on approaches to HIV prevention, treatment and care that people should know their HIV status has led to the prominence of Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT).Despite the national scale up of VCT in Kenya up to the rural areas, and massive campaigns, the uptake of the services by young people is low.Factors that influence translation of VCT knowledge into the actual uptake of VCT services have not been adequately studied especially among young people in rural areas. This book,provides a critical examination of the factors that young people identify as influencing their uptake of VCT services in selected rural districts of Central Province Kenya. Social and service-related factors are evaluated based on the Health Belief Model. The analysis should help shed more light on the complexity of sexual behaviour among young people and on some factors that complicate the process of translating information into health-seeking behaviour. This book should be especially useful to professionals in the education, communication and health fields or others interested in understanding young people in Kenya.
This manuscript analyses the interface between medicine and colonial society through the lens of gender. The work traces the growth of hospital medicine in nineteenth century Bengal and shows how it created a space-albeit small-for providing western health care to female patients. The book also explores the growth of Western medical education among women in Bengal.
The origins of religion and ritual in humans have been the focus of centuries of thought in archaeology, anthropology, theology, evolutionary psychology and more. Play and ritual have many aspects in common, and ritual is a key component of the early cult practices that underlie the religious systems of societies in all parts of the world. This book examines the formative cults and the roots of religious practice from the earliest times until the development of early religion in the Near East, in China, in Peru, in Mesoamerica and beyond. Here, leading prehistorians, biologists, and other specialists bring a fresh approach to the early practices that underlie the faiths and religions of the world. They demonstrate the profound role of play ritual and belief systems and offer powerful new insights into the emergence of early societies.
The book explores the concept of male disempowerment in the context of the ongoing social change in Kenya. The study puts this examination within the familial setup and discusses the roles ascribed to men within the traditional and contemporary family setups. The premise of doing so is the argument that continuing male disempowerment is a factor that is contributing to disunity in Kenyan families. Additionally, the book explores how male disempowerment is manifested.
This book considers the origins of Christianity through the role of ritual. It uses cognitive and evolutionary theories of ritual to provide fresh insights into the New Testament and other early Christian sources, with a particular focus on actions, cooperation, and religious teaching.
In this book, Bill Gladhill studies one of the most versatile concepts in Roman society, the ritual event that concluded an alliance, a foedus (ritual alliance). Foedus signifies the bonds between nations, men, men and women, friends, humans and gods, gods and goddesses, and the mass of matter that gives shape to the universe. From private and civic life to cosmology, Roman authors, time and time again, utilized the idea of ritual alliance to construct their narratives about Rome. To put it succinctly, Roman civilization in its broadest terms was conditioned on ritual alliance. Yet, lurking behind every Roman relationship, in the shadows of Roman social and international relations, in the dark recesses of cosmic law, were the breakdown and violation of ritual alliance and the release of social pollution. Rethinking Roman Alliance investigates Roman culture and society through the lens of foedus and its consequences.