Urban areas are growing at a very fast pace. Hence, Planning, development and management of urban areas, especially in the developing countries gain prime importance.Accuracy of the information is the prime requirement for Planning, development and management of the land parcels especially in the urban areas where the land is scarce. Hence there is a need to organize spatial information system for urban planning and management. A land information system gives support to land planning and management by providing information about the land, the resources upon it and the improvements made to it. Already existing Information systems like National Urban Information System (NUIS), Land Management Information System (LMIS) and Spatial Data Infrastructure(SDI) has been studied and found to be devoid of certain information for effective utilization.Hence an Integrated Information System with comprehensive land information system has been developed for urban planning, development and management at different Planning Levels. In addition, a plot level L.I.S has been generated in Geographical Information System (GIS) platform for effective implementation.
Newly reformed field of land administration has been rapidly developing since 1994 along with the social change of growing need of land relation, for instance, land privatization; land owning, land use planning, land management and land monitoring. However Mongolia needs to have improved land use planning system and to devote much attention to the environmental and public participation issues in land use planning. The dual land use system and the coordination between master and detailed plans need to be improved in Mongolia as well. The major issue related to the land use planning in Mongolia is that plans are not followed by society and even unadjusted to the reality. As well as, there is a number of plans were produced but it seems that all these plans are just remained on the paper. Therefore the study aims to demonstrate the need and the benefit of the land use planning guideline in Mongolia. The study examines the existing land use planning system situation and seeks causes why that system is not being implemented. Moreover, the research tries to explore appropriate and possible application of developed countries’ approaches on land use planning system in Mongolia.
Research is basic instrument for human being to solve challenges and advance development. One of this day’s world frustrating problems is natural resource degradation. This research relies on Land use/cover dynamic and its soil loss effect analysis using remote sensing and geographic information system. The research work concentrated on the extent; rate, pattern and causes of land use land cover change and their effect on soil loss using soil loss prediction (USLE) model. Findings showed that land use/ cover dynamics was increased as the expense of forest and grazing land. The soil loss trend goes with double increasing rate in each quarter of a century. The major driving forces for the observed land use/cover changes and soil loss rate were population growth, expansion of agricultural land, fuel wood & construction materials demand.
With the advances in the field of computer mapping technologies over the last 50 years, land-based data and many forms of geospatial information became readily available to land use professionals. As a result, land use suitability mapping and analysis became one of the most valuable applications of GIS in planning and land-use management field. Public agencies can now use comprehensive GIS data and modeling tools to make key decisions about critical issues regarding land-use planning. In order for planners to make sound and informed decisions, they require GIS data and powerful modeling tools that deliver highly reliable information. The intend of this study was to demonstrate and compare two popular GIS-based land use suitability tools that assisted urban planners and policy makers in implementing a large scale project in Coyote Valley area in San Jose, California.
This monograph is a study on “Land use and land cover mapping using remote sensing and Geographical Information System (A case study of Rupnagar district, Punjab)”. Remote Sensing and GIS is present day need for monitoring, measurement and modeling through which we can acheive at better decision making. Moreover this monographs deals with the application of Satellite Remote Sensing in land use assessment and will also help in identifying the problem areas and their probable solutions. The main content of the study discuss how the population change is responsible for the change current in land use and future prediction. This monograph will help in creating new knowledge among the students and various other stakeholders. With the help of modern technologies we can make our world more sustainable.
This study took place in Rwanda,Southern province,Ruhango District and it revealed the end results of land tenure system on physical environment,economic environment,and social environment. In old land tenure system,management is based on customary laws with negative implications like land fragmentation,deforestation,and soil degradation.The contemporary land tenure system is based on land administration information system with positive implications like protection and conservation of natural resources,Dispute resolution as well as poverty reduction.
This study of user competence and information system success takes place in the medical laboratory industry. Information system use is a primary measure of information system success. Use is often measured by frequency or voluntariness of use. Multidimensional use represents a more evolved, business relevant form of information system use. Individual difference is an external variable affecting beliefs that can influence how well information systems are used. In this study, individual difference is measured in terms of competency indicators, gender, education level, current job title, years in profession, type of institution, and shift worked. Competency indicators are the independent variables of this study and the multidimensional use of information systems is the dependent variable. While support for the existence of a relationship between competency indicators and multidimensional use is inconclusive, significant differences in information system use were identified by job title and institution type. These findings have both academic and practical implications.
Land cover change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources and monitoring environmental changes. The advancement in the concept of vegetation mapping has greatly increased research on land use land cover change. Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing are now providing data for advanced ecosystem management. The collection of remotely sensed data facilitates the synoptic analyses of Earth - system function, patterning, and change at local, regional and global scales over time. Therefore, this book helps to show the application of GIS and remote sensing on land use land cover changes and methods how to document the area coverage and management plan of forests. In recent times, the dynamics of land cover change and particularly settlement and cultivated land expansion in the area requires a more powerful system such as GIS and Remote Sensing data, which provides a general extensive synoptic coverage of large areas than area photography. So that planners and decision makers can have a basic tool for planning and to devise controlling mechanism for the expanding cultivated land and deforestation.
Understanding of the driving forces of land use/ land cover change is essential for effective sustainable land resource management. Hence, this study was conducted to investigate land use/ land cover dynamics, its drivers and impacts in Nada Asendabo watershed,Gilge Gibe sub catchment of Ethiopia. It covers an area of 8,012 ha. Information Was extracted from three period land sat images (1973 MSS, 1986 TM and 2004 ETM+). Analysis of data was accomplished through integrated use of ERDAS imagine (version 9.2), Arc GIS software and SPSS version 16.00. Six land use/ land cover classes were selected for the study. Results from land use/ land cover change analysis showed an increase in agriculture land and built-up area at the expense of forest land, grass land, reverine forest and bush land. The result of socioeconomic data analysis reported that agriculture, both crop and livestock productivity is declining. Among many factors, the major production constraints was directly associated mainly with land use change. Hence, Studies of land use/ land cover dynamics can be used for land use planner, natural resource managers and policy makers to provide a management and decision process.
The multi-player decision making process in urban planning has stimulated the development of this multi-agent system, in which domain agents represent particular land uses and use expert knowledge to develop beliefs about the likely distribution of land uses and make claims. During the land use suitability analysis process, a high degree of uncertainty about the future spatial distribution of competitive and synergetic land uses in adjacent land parcels has not been addressed in existing land suitability analysis methods. This study, therefore, aims to explore possibilities to incorporate this uncertainty in land use decision problem. The decision network model developed addressing the declarative knowledge representation of an individual agent to make land use decisions independently of other agents has been integrated in a realistic planning process, where multiple agents interact with each other to arrive at a final, collaborative land use plan. To represent such procedural knowledge as well as the declarative knowledge in a system, a scenario-based approach is developed. A case study shows how the system can be used to generate plan alternatives to support land use planning.
Indonesia is a developing country that is threatened by considerable pressure of population, land conversion and economic growth. Consequently, this leads to overexploitation of soil and water resources, what results in degradation of ecosystems. The cultivation of steep mountainous areas and increased soil erosion is a consequence. There is an alarming rate of soil erosion in the Ciwidey sub watershed which is part of the upper Citarum watershed in West Java. The goal of this research thesis is to map the prevailing land use systems, land degradation and conservation in Ciwidey sub watershed. More specifically this spatial assessment aims at examining the area- and intensity-trends of land use system, the types, cause, extent, degree, rate of land degradation, and the effectiveness of sustainable land management technologies. In addition, the impacts of land use systems on ecosystem services are to be assessed. The synthesis of the obtained information and field observation leads to define hot spots of degrading and bright spots of conserved areas. Based on the gained knowledge and generated maps further planning of initiatives and decision making towards sustainable land management can be supported.
Landuse Information System (LIS) also known as Landuse Related Information System (LRIS) is a special type of Geographical Information System (GIS) which is designed to handled detailed landuse information. This study aims at creating a digital Information System for landuse planning, landuses changes and management within Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso Campus. The study goes through database design, database creation, geometric and Attributes data acquisition on different landuses. The thematic maps used were scanned, digitized and converted into digital format. Various classifications and geospatial data analysis or manipulation were made to retrieve spatial information easily at anytime. The queries and analysis performed can be used for effective record keeping, proper maintenance, good planning and allocation of land for various uses to enhance an environment that is conducive for learning and working for both the students and staff. The achievement of the aim and objectives of this project unfold the eyes of the management, staff and students to importance of GIS in landuse planning and management in LAUTECH, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
Thorough information on status of land degradation is essential to check the problem and to implement remedial measures. Remote Sensing is a very useful tool and technique to prepare reliable information on land degradation. And, for planning a developmental and/or reclamation program, the basic pre-requisite is information on the current status of land and of various processes involved in inducing and enhancing degradation. In other words, a very detailed database is essential to take decisions and implement plans for sustaining land as a resource. This book adopts qualitative approach to assess land degradation in a part of East Singhbhum district and develops suitable guidelines for sustainable development. The author introduces methods for generating information through geographical knowledge and discusses the relationship between land use, NDVI, soil quality, population, agricultural practices and land degradation. It also offers recommendations for effectively using land use information for sustainable land management practices. It will be of interest to researchers and academics in geography, environment and development.
The land use and land cover pattern of a region is an outcome of natural and socio-economic factors and their utilization by man in time and space. Land use and land cover change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources and monitoring environmental changes. The advancement in the concept of vegetation mapping has greatly increased research on land use and land cover change thus providing an accurate evaluation of the spread and health of the world’s forest, grassland, and agricultural resources. The research aimed at establishing the land use and land cover status for the year 2009 in which it was undertaken; the rate of land cover change for the 18 year period under study (1991-2009), along with the inherent drivers for the land use and land cover changes. This information on land cover dynamics and possibilities for natural resources optimum use is essential for the selection; planning and implementation of land use schemes to meet the increasing demands for basic human needs and welfare.
The main objective of this book is to assess urban sprawl and land use changes and environmental impact of various urban activities at Greater Visakhapatnam City, Andhra Pradesh, India OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH 1. To assess the spatial extent of urban sprawl since 1941 using topographical maps of Survey of India and Remote Sensing Satellite data. 2. To analyze changes in land use / land cover based on Topographical maps and Remote Sensing Satellite data. 3. To evaluate the climate impacts of urbanization and land use / cover changes 4. To assess the environmental impacts of urbanization such as air pollution,noise pollution, ground water quality, solid waste management & urban slums.