Land-use mapping is one of the main applications of remote sensing. However, systematic land-use mapping program at local level using satellite image processing is still rare to find. This book explains the importance of land-use information for local planning, and makes use Indonesian complex land-use phenomena as an example. This study proposes a concept of versatile land-use information system (VLUIS), which can be used to support various local physical planning tasks. The VLUIS develops five land-use dimensions comprising spatial, temporal, ecological and socio-economic aspects. Each dimension is processed using different analysis methods and can be presented as a separate map. However, all dimensions can be integrated in a single land-use database, ready for spatial queries and translation between classification systems. Examples are given using Landsat ETM+ and Quickbird imagery. This book is useful for those who practice or study geography and remote sensing, and for planners who need accurate and relevant land-use information in their daily activities.
Urban areas are growing at a very fast pace. Hence, Planning, development and management of urban areas, especially in the developing countries gain prime importance.Accuracy of the information is the prime requirement for Planning, development and management of the land parcels especially in the urban areas where the land is scarce. Hence there is a need to organize spatial information system for urban planning and management. A land information system gives support to land planning and management by providing information about the land, the resources upon it and the improvements made to it. Already existing Information systems like National Urban Information System (NUIS), Land Management Information System (LMIS) and Spatial Data Infrastructure(SDI) has been studied and found to be devoid of certain information for effective utilization.Hence an Integrated Information System with comprehensive land information system has been developed for urban planning, development and management at different Planning Levels. In addition, a plot level L.I.S has been generated in Geographical Information System (GIS) platform for effective implementation.
Newly reformed field of land administration has been rapidly developing since 1994 along with the social change of growing need of land relation, for instance, land privatization; land owning, land use planning, land management and land monitoring. However Mongolia needs to have improved land use planning system and to devote much attention to the environmental and public participation issues in land use planning. The dual land use system and the coordination between master and detailed plans need to be improved in Mongolia as well. The major issue related to the land use planning in Mongolia is that plans are not followed by society and even unadjusted to the reality. As well as, there is a number of plans were produced but it seems that all these plans are just remained on the paper. Therefore the study aims to demonstrate the need and the benefit of the land use planning guideline in Mongolia. The study examines the existing land use planning system situation and seeks causes why that system is not being implemented. Moreover, the research tries to explore appropriate and possible application of developed countries’ approaches on land use planning system in Mongolia.
Research is basic instrument for human being to solve challenges and advance development. One of this day’s world frustrating problems is natural resource degradation. This research relies on Land use/cover dynamic and its soil loss effect analysis using remote sensing and geographic information system. The research work concentrated on the extent; rate, pattern and causes of land use land cover change and their effect on soil loss using soil loss prediction (USLE) model. Findings showed that land use/ cover dynamics was increased as the expense of forest and grazing land. The soil loss trend goes with double increasing rate in each quarter of a century. The major driving forces for the observed land use/cover changes and soil loss rate were population growth, expansion of agricultural land, fuel wood & construction materials demand.
With the advances in the field of computer mapping technologies over the last 50 years, land-based data and many forms of geospatial information became readily available to land use professionals. As a result, land use suitability mapping and analysis became one of the most valuable applications of GIS in planning and land-use management field. Public agencies can now use comprehensive GIS data and modeling tools to make key decisions about critical issues regarding land-use planning. In order for planners to make sound and informed decisions, they require GIS data and powerful modeling tools that deliver highly reliable information. The intend of this study was to demonstrate and compare two popular GIS-based land use suitability tools that assisted urban planners and policy makers in implementing a large scale project in Coyote Valley area in San Jose, California.
This study of user competence and information system success takes place in the medical laboratory industry. Information system use is a primary measure of information system success. Use is often measured by frequency or voluntariness of use. Multidimensional use represents a more evolved, business relevant form of information system use. Individual difference is an external variable affecting beliefs that can influence how well information systems are used. In this study, individual difference is measured in terms of competency indicators, gender, education level, current job title, years in profession, type of institution, and shift worked. Competency indicators are the independent variables of this study and the multidimensional use of information systems is the dependent variable. While support for the existence of a relationship between competency indicators and multidimensional use is inconclusive, significant differences in information system use were identified by job title and institution type. These findings have both academic and practical implications.
This monograph is a study on “Land use and land cover mapping using remote sensing and Geographical Information System (A case study of Rupnagar district, Punjab)”. Remote Sensing and GIS is present day need for monitoring, measurement and modeling through which we can acheive at better decision making. Moreover this monographs deals with the application of Satellite Remote Sensing in land use assessment and will also help in identifying the problem areas and their probable solutions. The main content of the study discuss how the population change is responsible for the change current in land use and future prediction. This monograph will help in creating new knowledge among the students and various other stakeholders. With the help of modern technologies we can make our world more sustainable.
This study took place in Rwanda,Southern province,Ruhango District and it revealed the end results of land tenure system on physical environment,economic environment,and social environment. In old land tenure system,management is based on customary laws with negative implications like land fragmentation,deforestation,and soil degradation.The contemporary land tenure system is based on land administration information system with positive implications like protection and conservation of natural resources,Dispute resolution as well as poverty reduction.
Understanding of the driving forces of land use/ land cover change is essential for effective sustainable land resource management. Hence, this study was conducted to investigate land use/ land cover dynamics, its drivers and impacts in Nada Asendabo watershed,Gilge Gibe sub catchment of Ethiopia. It covers an area of 8,012 ha. Information Was extracted from three period land sat images (1973 MSS, 1986 TM and 2004 ETM+). Analysis of data was accomplished through integrated use of ERDAS imagine (version 9.2), Arc GIS software and SPSS version 16.00. Six land use/ land cover classes were selected for the study. Results from land use/ land cover change analysis showed an increase in agriculture land and built-up area at the expense of forest land, grass land, reverine forest and bush land. The result of socioeconomic data analysis reported that agriculture, both crop and livestock productivity is declining. Among many factors, the major production constraints was directly associated mainly with land use change. Hence, Studies of land use/ land cover dynamics can be used for land use planner, natural resource managers and policy makers to provide a management and decision process.
Landuse Information System (LIS) also known as Landuse Related Information System (LRIS) is a special type of Geographical Information System (GIS) which is designed to handled detailed landuse information. This study aims at creating a digital Information System for landuse planning, landuses changes and management within Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso Campus. The study goes through database design, database creation, geometric and Attributes data acquisition on different landuses. The thematic maps used were scanned, digitized and converted into digital format. Various classifications and geospatial data analysis or manipulation were made to retrieve spatial information easily at anytime. The queries and analysis performed can be used for effective record keeping, proper maintenance, good planning and allocation of land for various uses to enhance an environment that is conducive for learning and working for both the students and staff. The achievement of the aim and objectives of this project unfold the eyes of the management, staff and students to importance of GIS in landuse planning and management in LAUTECH, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
The land use and land cover pattern of a region is an outcome of natural and socio-economic factors and their utilization by man in time and space. Land use and land cover change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources and monitoring environmental changes. The advancement in the concept of vegetation mapping has greatly increased research on land use and land cover change thus providing an accurate evaluation of the spread and health of the world’s forest, grassland, and agricultural resources. The research aimed at establishing the land use and land cover status for the year 2009 in which it was undertaken; the rate of land cover change for the 18 year period under study (1991-2009), along with the inherent drivers for the land use and land cover changes. This information on land cover dynamics and possibilities for natural resources optimum use is essential for the selection; planning and implementation of land use schemes to meet the increasing demands for basic human needs and welfare.
The main objective of this book is to assess urban sprawl and land use changes and environmental impact of various urban activities at Greater Visakhapatnam City, Andhra Pradesh, India OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH 1. To assess the spatial extent of urban sprawl since 1941 using topographical maps of Survey of India and Remote Sensing Satellite data. 2. To analyze changes in land use / land cover based on Topographical maps and Remote Sensing Satellite data. 3. To evaluate the climate impacts of urbanization and land use / cover changes 4. To assess the environmental impacts of urbanization such as air pollution,noise pollution, ground water quality, solid waste management & urban slums.
This vintage text comprises a detailed treatise on running a farm, with information on costs, stocking, machinery, labour, and many other things conducive to the successful running and management of a profitable farm. This detailed guide contains a wealth of timeless information that will be of considerable value to both existing and prospective farmers, making it a must-read for those interested in the topic and a great addition to collections of agricultural literature. The chapters of this book include: 'Land and Its Equipment', 'Competition by the New World', 'World Food and Agriculture', 'Land', 'Land Use – Game', 'Land Use – Forestry', 'Market Gardens', 'Agricultural Lands', 'Tillage and Grass', 'Capital', 'Tenant's Capital', 'Work Animals and Tractors', etcetera. We are proudly republishing this antiquarian volume, now complete with a new introduction on farming.
A new integrated model system has been developed to examine this question: What are the relative effects of changes in land use and climate on the quantity and variability of river flows in relation to land use and water use management for sustainable development in a country such as Indonesia? This book describes the development of the integrated system and its implementation in Bandung basin, Indonesia. The model generates time dependent land use change patterns based on four policy-related land use change scenarios as well as time dependent climate scenarios based on IPCC SRES scenarios, and translate them into hydrological parameters for calculating the monthly discharge. The implementation results show that climate change has a greater possible impact on the change in the annual yield and monthly discharge variations and less impact on local scale discharge variation than the land use change. The superimposed effects of land use change and climate change can exacerbate the impacts, suggesting that land use management for sustainable development is very relevant. Professional in land use and water resources management and climate change adaptation will find this book useful.
Correct requirements are essential for building an effective information system, especially in health upon which the wealth of a nation is dependent. This book details research efforts at gathering and anlysing requirements for developing an effective information system at the Primary care level using the Activity Analysis and Design Framework. The work also looks at the state of primary health care information system in Nigeria and suggests a way of bringing disjointed components together. It looks at actors in Information System development and use.