This book teaches how to design and manufacture a testing system for the next generation of integrated circuits. ... The growing efficiency in manufacturing of semiconductor devices combined with increased speed, size and performance of integrated products puts an incredible pressure on testing and verification technology. While negligible in the past, the cost of verification for a modern semiconductor design can be as high as half of the total manufacturing cost. In order to accommodate testing requirements, modern test equipment must operate up to 100 times faster than the state-of-the-art production circuits while using technologies several generations older. ... This book teaches how to test future generations of integrated circuits by using transient currents measured at the power nodes.
Covering both TFT technologies, and the theory and practice of circuit design, this book equips engineers with the technical knowledge and hands-on skills needed to make circuits on foil with organic or metal oxide based TFTs for applications such as flexible displays and RFID. It provides readers with a solid theoretical background and gives an overview of current TFT technologies including device architecture, typical parameters, and a theoretical framework for comparing different logical families. Concrete, real-world design cases, such as RFID circuits, and organic and metal oxide TFT-based 8-bit microprocessors, enable readers to grasp the practical potential of these design techniques and how they can be applied. This is an essential guide for students and professionals who need to make better transistors on foil.
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The only book on integrated circuits for optical communications that fully covers High-Speed IOs, PLLs, CDRs, and transceiver design including optical communication The increasing demand for high-speed transport of data has revitalized optical communications, leading to extensive work on high-speed device and circuit design. With the proliferation of the Internet and the rise in the speed of microprocessors and memories, the transport of data continues to be the bottleneck, motivating work on faster communication channels. Design of Integrated Circuits for Optical Communications, Second Edition deals with the design of high-speed integrated circuits for optical communication transceivers. Building upon a detailed understanding of optical devices, the book describes the analysis and design of critical building blocks, such as transimpedance and limiting amplifiers, laser drivers, phase-locked loops, oscillators, clock and data recovery circuits, and multiplexers. The Second Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully updated with: A tutorial treatment of broadband circuits for both students and engineers New and unique information dealing with clock and data recovery circuits and multiplexers A chapter dedicated to burst-mode optical communications A detailed study of new circuit developments for optical transceivers An examination of recent implementations in CMOS technology This text is ideal for senior graduate students and engineers involved in high-speed circuit design for optical communications, as well as the more general field of wireline communications.
Chip-scale photonic circuits are dozens to thousands of optical elements integrated in a single chip to enable complex functionalities while reducing size, weight, and cost. The complexity of photonic circuits requires robust approaches for their analysis and optimization. Transmission matrix formalism makes the task of design both easy and fun. It allows a complex circuit to be broken into smaller blocks, and each block can be optimized separately to meet the requirements set by the circuit. This book introduces the formalism and shows how it is used for the analysis of devices and circuits. Layout and manufacturability of photonic integrated circuits and ways of improving them are also discussed.
As the MOSFET dimensions scale down to nanoscale level, the reliability of circuits based on these devices decreases. Therefore, a mechanism has to be devised that can make the nanoscale systems perform reliably using unreliable circuit components. The solution is fault-tolerant circuit design. Markov Random Field (MRF) is an effective approach that achieves fault-tolerance in integrated circuit design. The previous research on this technique suffers from limitations at the design, simulation and implementation levels. As improvements, the MRF fault-tolerance rules have been validated for a practical circuit example. The simulation framework is extended from thermal to a combination of thermal and random telegraph signal noise sources to provide a more rigorous noise environment for the simulation of nanoscale circuits. Moreover, an architecture-level improvement has been proposed in the design of previous MRF gates. The re-designed MRF is termed as Improved-MRF. By simulating various test circuits in Cadence, it is found that Improved-MRF circuits are 400 whereas MRF circuits are only 10 times more noise-tolerant than the CMOS alternatives.
VLSI Design & Technology have gained significant popularity due to rapid advances in IC design & technology. With the help of VLSI design, it became possible to miniaturize circuits along with improved performance in terms of power and speed. VLSI design is a vast subject hence it is very complex to find complete design process details. Thisbookfocuses on introduction to VLSI Technology & Design. The material of the book gives students a solid foundation and understanding of VLSI Design &Technology.
Solid State Chemistry and its Applications, 2nd Edition: Student Edition is an extensive update and sequel to the bestselling textbook Basic Solid State Chemistry, the classic text for undergraduate teaching in solid state chemistry worldwide. Soli