Plants and plant communities (places where a variety of plants live together) are very important to humans and their environment. Here are some of the important things plants provide.Throughout history plants have been of great importance to medicine. Eighty percent of all medicinal drugs originate in wild plants. In fact, 25 percent of all prescriptions written annually in the United States contain chemicals from plants. In spite of all the medical advances, only 2 percent of the world's plant species have ever been tested for their medical potential. That means there are many important drugs yet to be discovered.
This book provides the floristic information of Flora of Subtropical Humid region of India (Etawah and Auraiya Districts) Uttar Pradesh State for the students ofM.Sc. and Ph.D of Botany, Agriculture, and other fields related to taxonomy.The area dealt with in this Flora amounts 4,486 Sq. Kms. The elevation of the districts varies between 146.3 m and 147.7 m above the sea level. The Flora comprise of 560 species belonging to 340 genera and 102 families of Angiosperms. The ratio of genera and species is approximately 1: 13 for world, 1: 7 for India, and 1: 2.2 for the Gangetic plains.
This book entitled “FLORA OF GUNADALA HILL” KRISHNA DISTRICT, A.P., INDIA contains the important results of the floristic studies carried out on Gunadala hill. Among the hills, Gunadala hill is a part of Eastern Ghat. Even though the district flora was completed in 1987, hill habitants were over looked. No authentic evidences are available for supporting the detailed study of hill habitants. Increased biotic pressure, loss of regeneration, invasion by edge species and alternation in community structure are the few manifestations affecting biodiversity. With numerous nomenclatural changes made by ICBN in course of time with the identification of new species from different geographical localities and biotic interferences made by anthropogenic activities, there is a need to revise and update the flowering plants of the hill. Hence, an attempt was made to carry out a systemic survey of the flora existing on the hill. Altogether 30 field surveys were done covering all seasons during a period of 18 months. The species have been enumerated systematically. Of the 197 collections, 28 species are newly recorded which were not reported in the Flora of Krishna District.
The Eastern Desert of Egypt occupies 21% (c. 223000 km2) of the total area of Egypt. From the early beginnings of the last century, this desert attracted scientists, especially botanists, to study its flora, ecology and vegetation. This study (between Latitudes 30°00?N and 24°00?N) included an up-to-date checklist of its flora, quantitative analysis of its vegetation, patterns of species distribution, and a proposed phytogeographical map based on GIS analysis techniques of 500 geo-referenced sites as a preliminary step towards a general vegetation map. Classification of the vegetation yielded 20 vegetation associated distributed in 3 major habitats: (1) inland desert, (2) coastal wadis, and (3) roadsides. Fourteen species, mostly weeds, characterized the present survey that neither recorded in previous studies nor in the literature. These may be considered as new additions to the flora of the Eastern Desert of Egypt. On the other hand, 92 historical records (61 perennials, 31 annuals) were documented, and there was no other indication about their presence till to date. These can be considered as extinct. Species of Saharo-Sindian chorotype (element) were the dominant.
The book “Flora of North East India: Secondary Metabolites and Nutritional Value” is a compilation of plants of North East India having ethno medicinal importance. The book provides information on secondary metabolites or bioactive molecules isolated from different medicinal and aromatic plants of North East India from last decade. These secondary metabolites or bioactive molecules have several applications in development of drugs or drugs intermediate in pharmaceutical industry. The book reveal the research works carried out in the field of nutritional analysis of medicinal & edible plants of North East India. It is well known that North East India is a hot Biodiversity spot in the world. The book is a unique collection of information on secondary metabolites and nutritional value of medicinal, aromatic and edible plants which must be useful for Pharmacologist, Chemist, Biologist, Botanist, Nutritionist, Pharmaceutical industries and interested people in general.
This book provides an insight into the area of plant taxonomy and ethnobotany with respect to floristic composition and multifarious uses of plants. The book covered floristic inventory along with various uses of plants of a remote hill station by the dwellers of the area. The people of the area are very much familier in utilizing these species in folk medicine, fuel-wood, fodder, timber, vegetables, cooking, wild fruits, ornamental etc. This book can be employed by various departments for detailed Lab. experimentation such as Biochemistry, Range Management and Forestry and Horticulture sciences as benchmark for carrying out further studies.
The north Gujarat region is one of the well-diverse in terms of the floral diversity and traditional knowledge. the vegetation of that region pertaining to the dry deciduous forest types found in the Indian sub-continents. The present books deals with the important medicinal flora of the north Gujarat region. Here the details on the which plant parts, the method of applications and preparation were given in depth. the main objective of this book to document such vital knowledge for the future generation and further pharmacological research. This book will serve as the reference materials for the students and researchers of Herbal medicines.
Sacred Groves are the fragments of a once existed forests, preserved over a period of times due to religious restrictions and taboos. They are often described as the sanctum sanctorum of a wide array of flora and fauna. These virgin forest patches often neglected by the floristic explorers and are usually remained unexplored for ever. They act as a reservoirs of many rare and threatened flora and fauna and also serve as a biodiversity hotspots protecting valuable genetic diversity. The work treats 531 species 5 subspecies and 20 varieties of flowering plants belonging to 398 genera and 112 families in the sacred groves spread across Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala state, India. Each species is provided with its correct name, important synonyms, a brief taxonomic description, phenology, geographical distribution, etc to facilitate the readers to understand the species correctly. The book is the first of its kind in Kerala and would provide a model methodology for the floristic exploration in the sacred groves of any regions. It will be of immense use to the botanists, agriculturists, foresters, phytochemists, nature conservationists, etc.
Нежное мыло с ароматом цветов и черной смородины. Содержит экстракты алоэ, морских водорослей и витамины A и Е, которые в сочетании с глицерином активно питают и увлажняют кожу. Хорошо мылится, образуя густую мягкую пену. Подходит для ежедневного использования.
Bangladesh is a riverine country. The metropolitan Dhaka city stands on the bank of the river Buriganga. So, the river plays a vital role for the transportation, entertainment, waterways and natural resources for the capital city of Bangladesh. This river is also the effluent outlet of many industries. For this reason the river water is polluting drastically day by day. The river is also filling up with the sediment of silt. In our work the bacteriological and chemical pollution parameter of the river has been detected. Some coliform and Enteric bacteria such as Alkaligenes, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter, Plesiomonas, Salmonella etc. have been identified which abundance is the indication of pollution. The BOD and COD values were above the safety level. Some suggestions for pollution remediation have also been placed in the book. For the revitalization of fresh ecosystem and pollution free water resources there should be taken some strict measures. Public awareness has also been needed for the rejuvenation of the water body.
Scientifically established strategy of nature protection is one of the most important directions of modern science. Phong Nha – Ke Bang, largest national park of Vietnam plays world-important role in conservation of unique nature and global genetic diversity. Investigation of forests allied to western border of the national park funded by Kreditnstalt fur Wiederaufbau – German Development Bank was realized during summer 2011. Current monograph presents main results of these studies including description of vegetation and data on inventory of local floras in area proposed for extension of the protected territory. Obtained data presented in this monograph indicate straight advisability of expansion of national park on territories with intact primary forests having full spectrum of habitats and living forms of indigenous nature of Indochinese Peninsula. This area also will play role of significant biodiversity flow corridor between protected areas of Vietnam and Laos. If protected areas of both countries were to be connected by explored and studied area, the combined reserve would be the largest surviving karst primary forest in south-east Asia.
Honeybee floral colander is a time- table that indicates approximate date and duration of blossoming of the important honeybee flora. It is one of the most useful tools of apicultural extension workers. Therefore, a study was conducted in Debrekian (Hawzen) and Begasheka (kola temben) watersheds to identify and prepare floral cycle for the two watersheds. Cordia Africana, Becium grandiflorum, and Hypostus ariculatal were identified as the best honeybee floras of the watersheds. Honeybee floras are abundant from the beginning of July until the end of November in Debrekidan and from the beginning of August until the end of December in Begasheka. As a result the major honey flow season of Debrekidan watershed is from September to November and from beginning of October until the end of December in Begasheka. In addition there is high swarming from August to September in the study areas. Even though there is optimum availability of bee forages, there is scarcity of bee forage from the beginning of December until the end of May and from the beginning of January until the end of July in Debrekidan and Begasheka watersheds respectively.
Weeds are constant component of agro-ecosystem and alternative control methods have been used to control them in sugarcane. However, to design effective weed control measures, identification, characterization and quantification of weed species in a certain area are important steps. Information on weed density, distribution and species composition help to predict yield losses. The present finding determines the prevalence and distribution of weeds; assess the influence of some environmental and crop management practices on weed species composition and distribution; and evaluate the shift in weed flora during the past 13 years in the sugarcane plantations of Ethiopia (Wonji-Shoa and Metahara). Such information would enable the sugarcane plantations of Ethiopia to decide whether it is economical to control a specific weed problem and evaluate the existing weed management practices.